Knowledge Extraction

Der Sammelband “Digital Writing Technologies in Higher Education. Theory, Research and Practice, Springer Cham 2023 ist als Open Access zugänglich. Ein Beitrag Fernando Benites: Information Retrieval and Knowledge Extraction for Academic Writing. Abstract: “The amount of unstructured scientific data in the form of documents, reports, papers, patents, and the like is exponentially increasing each year. Technological advances and their implementations emerge at a similarly fast pace, making for many disciplines a manual overview of interdisciplinary and relevant studies nearly impossible. Consequently, surveying large corpora of documents without any automation, i.e. information extraction systems, seems no longer feasible. Fortunately, most articles are now accessible through digital channels, enabling automatic information retrieval by large database systems. Popular examples of such systems are Google Scholar or Scopus. As they allow us to rapidly find relevant and high-quality citations and references to previous work, these systems are particularly valuable in academic writing. However, not all users are aware of the mechanisms underlying relevance sorting, which we will address in this chapter. For example, in addition to searching for specific terms, new tools facilitate the discovery of relevant studies by using synonyms as well as similar works/citations. The near future holds even better tools for the creation of surveys, such as automatic summary generation or automatic question-answering systems over large corpora. In this chapter, we will discuss the relevant technologies and systems and their use in the academic writing context.”